Is periodontal disease easy to spot
A short dental exam should be included in every visit to the Vet for your doggy. A comprehensive oral examination should be done on your furry best friend if they have an oral infection. Your veterinarian may take dental x-rays and utilize tools to measure bone loss in addition to the visual examination.
When you peek into a dog's mouth, you can see tartar above the gumline. It seems to be brown concrete and begins at the base of the gums, gradually covering more and more of the tooth's surface. Plaque and tartar that have spread beyond the gumline are considerably more difficult to notice, but this is when the main problem begins: damage to the supporting tissues around the tooth, which raises the risk of tooth loss.
The four stages of periodontal disease are as follows:
Level 1: Gingivitis causes minor swelling and redness of the gums. There may also be some tartar buildup evident. At this point, the tooth's support has not been compromised.
Level 2: Early periodontitis is diagnosed when the bone and ligaments that hold teeth in place have lost some of their strength. The gums are redder and more irritated at this point.
Level 3: When up to 50% of the tooth support has been lost, you have moderate periodontitis. (Teeth in Stages 2 and 3 appear identical to the naked eye, but an x-ray will reveal more bone loss in Stage 3.)
Level 4: Advanced periodontitis has resulted in a 50% or more loss of bone. Tartar is quite visible to the human eye at this point; the gums have receded, the teeth have been damaged, and extraction may be required.
Other causes of bad breath in dogs
Dogs love doing things we may think are gross. Their habits can lead to poor breath in some cases. If your dog has access to rubbish, animal poop, or decomposing animal remains daily, his foul breath could result from unsupervised eating.