Location will impact how far, how long, and how often you walk your puppy. For example, if you live in a mountainous area, you will not be able to walk them as far, and you will need to leave longer gaps between walks to allow them to recover. If you live next to a flat canal, you will walk them more often and further.
Where you live and what time of year will significantly impact how you devise your puppy's exercise plan. If it is summer and hot, you need to be very careful how far you take your puppy for a walk. They are more likely to overheat than adult dogs, and you should take water for them. You should also make sure that if you are walking on paths and roads, they are not hot to touch, damaging a puppy's paws. If, on the other hand, you live in a freezing, snowy area, then you will also need to be careful with how long you are outside with your puppy to protect your puppy's paws from things like snow. Depending on the breed, you may need to consider dog coats and snow boots.
Like I have said, this is a general guide. You will have to make your judgment calls as your puppy grows into an adolescent and then an adult. Some dogs, breeds, and personalities can handle more exercise earlier than others. Plus, some dogs need a lot more mental stimulation than others. For example, a greyhound will probably be very happy sleeping on the couch all day, but you will probably never watch a movie in peace again if you have a Collie, as they will be demanding you play a game with them.
Therefore, it is essential that you research your puppy's breed before you commit to it, as you should be looking to get a breed that suits your lifestyle and hobbies.